• December 2, 2021

Partisanship isn’t the only reason so many Americans remain unvaccinated

Welcome to Pollapalooza, our weekly survey summary.

It’s easy to blame partisanship for everything these days. Including the speed with which COVID-19 is spreading across the US, causing cases to skyrocket and CDC Guidance for Change.

The delta variant is spreading rapidly in part because about 30 percent of Americans remain completely unvaccinated. About 60 percent of adults are fully vaccinated and another 9 percent are partially vaccinated, putting the country just below and behind on President Biden’s schedule. 70 percent goal set for July 4th.

And as we’ve seen for months, Americans’ willingness to get vaccinated can become a substitute for your politics. Republicans are more likely than Democrats and independents to say they won’t get vaccinated. Depending on the survey, somewhere about 20 percent to 30 percent of Republicans say they won’t be vaccinated, while only about 5 percent of Democrats say the same. Independents who refuse to receive the vaccine range between 10 and 25 percent in the polls.

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But partisanship isn’t the only thing that has shaped the immunization status of Americans. Unvaccinated Americans tend to be younger, less educated, and poorer; they are also more likely to be people of color. The situation we find ourselves in is not only due to politics, but also to access to the vaccine and the broader skepticism of the health system.

Age is an even more significant dividing line for vaccines than politics. Older Americans are much more likely to be vaccinated, no doubt because they were prioritized at the vaccination launch, as they are at higher risk of contracting coronavirus infections. About 80 percent of Americans 65 and older are fully vaccinated, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, compared to about 55 percent of Americans ages 18 to 64. Within that 18 to 64-year-old range, the younger the age group, the less likely it is to be vaccinated relative to its percentage of the population.

A certain degree of skepticism or uncertainty may be influencing the reason why young people are not as likely to be vaccinated. The CDC reported in June that from March to May, nearly half of American adults under age 40 were unsure about the vaccine or did not plan to receive it. Polls suggest there may be less skepticism now, as Recently founded Public Religion Research Institute that the proportion of Americans under 50 who were hesitant or opposed to receiving the vaccine fell from just over 50 percent in March to 35 percent in June. Still, just under half of that 35 percent group opposed getting vaccinated in the June poll.

The younger someone is more likely to be a person of color, so it is also not surprising that black and Hispanic Americans have lower vaccination rates than non-Hispanic white Americans. In the latest weekly poll from The Economist / YouGov, slightly less than half of black and Hispanic adults reported being fully vaccinated, while more than 60 percent of white adults said they were. And even when it includes those who are still in the process of being vaccinated or intend to be vaccinated, a greater proportion of white Americans than African Americans or Hispanic Americans are vaccinated, partially vaccinated, or plan to be vaccinated.

Lag among people of color isn’t just about an unwillingness to take the hit. The Kaiser Family Foundation found in April that significantly more unvaccinated black and Hispanic adults than white adults did not know where or when they could get vaccinated. More fundamentally, unvaccinated people of color were much more likely than white Americans to say they had not received the vaccine because they did not have enough time or were concerned about missing work. according to June KFF survey. Similarly, the PRRI found that African Americans were slightly more likely than Americans overall to say that a lack of child care or transportation was a barrier to getting vaccinated.

It appears that more disclosure about the relatively minor side effects could also pay dividends. KFF found in June that 60 percent of Hispanic adults and 55 percent of black adults were concerned about side effects, slightly more than 51 percent of white adults who said the same. And a few more people of color mentioned that they are wary of getting vaccinated as a reason for not getting the shot, which may have something to do with their long history of experiencing inequities in the health system.

There are still more factors that complicate the situation besides race, age or partisanship. Socio-economic status also plays a role. KFF’s June survey found that about 4 in 5 college graduates had at least one dose of the vaccine, compared with 3 in 5 of those without a degree. The education gap also exists among white Americans, as the Economist / YouGov survey showed that about 80 percent of white Americans with a college degree had been fully vaccinated, compared with about 55 percent of those who they did not have a title. Additionally, only 52 percent of those earning less than $ 50,000 said they were fully vaccinated, compared with 63 percent of those earning $ 50,000 to $ 100,000 and 72 percent of those earning $ 100,000 or more.

So, to recap: Americans are a complicated bunch. But there is still hope that more people will be vaccinated. The PRRI found that about half of those who were hesitant to receive the vaccine were more likely to receive it after hearing that it would help protect human life, help protect the most vulnerable people in their community, or allow them to safely visit family members. and friends. And according to KFF’s June survey, some other changes could also encourage more people to get vaccinated, including the implementation of vaccine lotteries (already used by some states), the use of mobile vaccine units in under-vaccinated neighborhoods, and the free child care during the vaccination and recovery process.

Still, we have a long way to go and many people will become seriously ill before we get there. It’s easy to imagine that just another deadly wave of COVID-19 cases could spur some insecure Americans. to receive the vaccine – and those who are younger, less well off, or people of color may be at higher risk considering they are more likely not to be vaccinated.

Other voting bites

  • According to a new ABC News / Ipsos Poll, 63 percent of Americans approve of Biden’s handling of COVID-19, but that’s 9 percentage points less than the proportion he approved at the end of March. Meanwhile, Biden’s numbers on other issues were much lower, particularly those related to crime, immigration and gun violence.
  • In the light of Biden decision to withdraw US combat troops from afghanistan, Gallup found that Americans were evenly split on whether America’s involvement there, which began in October 2001 under President George W. Bush, was a mistake in the first place. 47 percent told the pollster that the United States made a mistake sending military forces to Afghanistan, while 46 percent said it was not a mistake. Americans have generally been more likely to say that America’s turnout was not a mistake, although Gallup also found a nearly even split in 2014. In the new poll, most Democrats and independents said they thought the America’s involvement was a mistake, while fewer than 3 in 10 Republicans believed the same.
  • Regarding a possible intervention in Haiti, three-quarters of registered voters said The Hill / HarrisX that the US should not get involved by following the murder from the president of the Caribbean nation, Jovenel Moïse, earlier this month. Biden stated that he had no intention to send American troops there despite the interim government of Haiti requesting that the United States and the UN send security forces to help protect critical infrastructure in Haiti during this time of political instability.
  • Morning Consult / Politico found that 58 percent of registered voters supported a Congressional commission investigation into the Jan.6 assault on the United States Capitol, which comes as the House Select Committee investigates the insurrection held his first hearing on Tuesday. However, support dropped from 66 percent in June, as only 34 percent of Republicans and 52 percent of independents backed the Congressional inquiry, down from 45 percent and 65 percent, respectively. .
  • Nevada recently made waves by passing a law to establish a presidential primary unlike your usual caucus. For OH Predictive Insights surveyNevadans strongly agree with this change, with 52 percent saying they prefer a primary, compared to just 13 percent preferring the caucus system. In an unusual display of bipartisanship, the majority of Republican and Democratic voters say they support a primary system. However, the law also sets primaries for the first Tuesday in February beginning in 2024, which could put Nevada in conflict with Iowa and New Hampshire over which states lead the presidential nomination process. While Nevada Republicans in the OHPI poll supported the move to a primary, the state party actually opposed the measure to avoid altering the nomination schedule.

Biden approval

According to the FiveThirtyEight presidential approval tracker, 51.4 percent of Americans approve of the job Biden is doing as president, while 43.3 percent disapprove (a net approval rating of +8.1 points ). At this time last week, 52.2 percent approved and 42.8 percent disapproved (a net approval rating of +9.4 points). A month ago, Biden had an approval rating of 52.7 percent and a disapproval rating of 41.9 percent, for a net approval rating of +10.8 points.

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